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New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the largest city in the United States. The city is located in the state of New York and has approx. 8 million inhabitants. Conurbation New York (New York metropolitan area, or Greater New York) is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world, with around 18 million inhabitants. New York consists of five boroughs (boroughs): the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island.
New York is one of the world's most important economic and cultural interchanges, and the city has numerous well-known museums, theaters, galleries, mediahus, international companies and market institutions. New York is home to all international embassies to the United Nations, and the organization's headquarters is also located here.
In 1524 sailed the first European, Florentine Giovanni da Verrazano, up to Manhattan, which in the 1500s was divided between a number of Indian tribes, all of lenapegruppen. Verrazano sailed in the French crowned service, and gave it the French name Nouvelle Angoulême (New Angoulême), by King Francis I, who was king of France and Count of Angoulême.
One hundred years later went Englishman Henry Hudson up the river that separates Manhattan and New Jersey, hence the name Hudson River.
European settlement did not happen until Dutch fur traders settled there in 1614. In 1624, ten years after they first arrived, the Dutch established the colony Nieuw Amsterdam furthest south in Manhattan. The Dutch colonial Director-General Peter Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan from lenapeindianerne in 1626 (the purchase price was glass beads with a value of $ 24 was later discovered to be a legend). Indians quantity which previously may have been up in 5000, fell forward 1700 to about 200 in Manhattan.
Later arose colonies Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx because of the increasing immigration to the city. Bronx is named after the Swede Jonas Bronck who was the first European who settled in the area in 1664. The British took over the Nieuw Amsterdam in 1664 and renamed the city of New York. It happened at a makeskifte the Low Countries that took over control of the island of Run, which at that time was of much greater value than New Amsterdam.
For many immigrants were New York the first stop in the United States since they were flowed through the receiving device on Ellis Island south of Manhattan and part of the 20 million who came to this land settled just in New York. Among other things, there was a significant amount of Norwegian-Americans in Brooklyn. New York in general consists of perhaps the world's most heterogeneous population, with most nationalities represented among its residents. This also seems very well in city streets, which helps to contribute to the hectic and vibrant atmosphere in New York.
In 1898 the New York merged with the neighboring town of Brooklyn, the population was then 3.5 million. In the 1920s, the city became the center for African-Americans who left the South to work in the more industrialized north. Harlem went from being a white middle class neighborhood to be the center of the said United States, and the Harlem Renaissance flourished African American art and culture.
In 1970, the city was dominated by economic issues, racial tension, poverty and crime. This has subsequently improved, and today is New York the lowest crime rate of the U.S. big cities.
New York was the victim of a terrorist attack in 2001, when the twin towers of the World Trade Center was attacked and destroyed by unknown terrorists. The place where the buildings stood is today called Ground Zero and has become one of New York's most visited tourist attractions. At Ground Zero today built a new large skyscraper, called the Freedom Tower.
The symbol of New York's skyscraper, although this actually occurred in Chicago. The first skyscrapers were built in the late nineteenth century, when new construction technology made it possible to construct buildings around heavy steel skeletons. This building technique replaced the tenements in the European style, built in stone. It was New York's vast population and associated land prices which meant that it had to start building height.
New York has a number of world famous buildings. One of the oldest remaining skyscrapers are Woolworth Building, which was built by the inspiration of medieval churches. Art Deco Chrysler Building was built at one time the world's tallest building and has a shiny top in stainless steel. This building is considered by many as the city's finest. The following year, the Chrysler building was the Empire State Building ready, the city's current tallest building. Other pioneering skyscrapers's Seagram Building and the Condé Nast Building.
Most of the residential neighborhoods of New York is dominated by townhouses and apartment buildings built in the period 1870 to 1930, when the city was growing rapidly. Many of these are built in brownstone, after they walked away from the wooden buildings by fire in 1835. A distinct feature of the apartment buildings in New York's water towers of wood on many roofs, as these former claims of municipal side. The 1920s were also popular garden cities, including the Jackson Heights in Queens.
New York is divided into five districts (called boroughs), these also have status as separate counties. These districts are further divided into hundreds of distinct neighborhoods, each with its own history and character.
The Bronx (population 1,364,566) is the city's northernmost district. It is famous for Yankee Stadium (home of baseball's New York Yankees), and America's largest cooperative, Co-op City. The Bronx is the only one of New York's neighborhoods on the mainland. Zoo Bronx Zoo is located in The Bronx, this is the largest zoo in the urban areas. The Bronx is also known as the cradle of hip-hop.
Brooklyn (population 2,511,408) is New York City borough with the largest population. It was only in 1898 that Brooklyn became part of New York. The district is known for its ethnic diversity, and include the Center for the Jewish community in the United States. Brooklyn has a long coastline, and the Coney Island amusement park, one of the oldest in the United States.
Manhattan (population 1,593,200) is the most densely populated district, and is the place to find most of the city's skyscrapers. New York's financial center and political center of Manhattan, along with most of the city's tourist attractions. Roughly divided Manhattan into three parts Downtown, Midtown and Uptown. Uptown is divided in two by Central Park, where areas of the Upper East Side and Upper West Side is located on either side of the park. North of Central Park, Harlem.
Queens (population 2,256,576) district is the largest in extent, and is America's most multicultural province. The district was originally several villages and towns which after a while was eaten up by the city. Most of Queens is today residential areas for middle class. Shea Stadium (the New York Mets) located in Queens, and every year plays tennis tournament U.S. Open in Flushing Meadows neighborhood. LaGuardia Airport and John F. Kennedy International Airport, two of the city's airports, located in Queens.
Staten Island (population 475 014) has a typical suburban feel. The island is linked to Brooklyn via the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge and to Manhattan via the Staten Island ferry. Until 2001, on the world's largest landfill, Fresh Kills, on Staten Island. This is now about to be made into a city park.
40 million tourists visit New York every year. Among the main attractions are the Empire State Building, Ellis Island, Statue of Liberty, Times Square and museums such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Other important reasons for the high number of visitors is shopping along Fifth Avenue and the Broadway Theater District.
New York also has several popular recreation areas, where Central Park is the most famous. Flushing Meadows Park in Queens is another large park, was the place where the world exhibitions in 1939 and 1954 were held.
The city's many cultures also draws tourists. Traditionally, New York has been known to Jews and Italians, and these groups foods like bagels, cheesecakes and pizza have become symbols of the city. New York's ongoing immigration makes matbildet constantly changing, and in recent years the dishes originating in the Middle East (such as falafel and kebab) has become very popular. New York is also known for its many haute cuisine restaurants.