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|Republic of Slovenia
Republic of Slovenia is a country in southern Central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea on the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north.
Slovenia was part of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1991. The country joined the EU on 1 May 2004 along with nine other countries. It is also the Council of Europe, NATO, and has a role as an observer in La Francophonie.
It is believed that the Slavic ancestors of today's Slovenes settled in the area in the 6th century. The Slavic principality Karan Tania, the first Slovenian state and the first stable Slavic, was formed in the 7th century. In 745 lost Karan Tania its independence when it was placed under the Frankish kingdom. This led to many Slavs converted to Christianity.
Freising Dictionary, the first known writings on the Slovenian, and also the first known Slavic texts written in the Latin alphabet was written around 1000. During the 14 century, most of Slovenia's regions given the Habsburgs if areas later was Austria-Hungary, with Slovenians living in most of the provinces of Carniola, Gorizia and Gradisca, and in parts of the provinces of Istria and Styria.
Under the national uprisings in Austria-Hungary between 1848-1849 were ideas of a united Slovenia launched.
After Austria-Hungary's dissolution in 1918, Slovenia part of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes the kingdom, which in 1929 took the name of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After the restoration of Yugoslavia after World War II, Slovenia, the constituent republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was officially established on 29 november 1945. Today Slovenia was formed 25 June 1991, when it became independent of Yugoslavia. The country joined NATO 29 March 2004 and the EU on 1 May 2004.
Head of state in Slovenia's president, who is elected by a popular vote every five years. Government headed by the Prime Minister and ministers, elected by parliament.
The Slovenian parliament consists of two chambers: the National Assembly (Državni zbor), and the National Council (Državni svet).
Four major European geographic regions meet in Slovenia: the Alps, the Dinaric Alps, the Pannonian plains, Karst region, along the Mediterranean Sea. Slovenia's highest peak is Triglav (2864 m), and its average altitude is 557 meters. About half of the country (10,124 km ²) is covered by forests, which makes Slovenia the third most European countries skoglendte after Finland and Sweden. Grassy is 5593 km ² of land and fields and gardens 2471 km ². In addition, 363 km ² of orchards and 216 km ² of vineyards.
The coast has a Mediterranean climate, the mountains alpeklima and continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Average temperatures are -2 ° C in January and 21 ° C in July. The average amount of precipitation is 1,000 mm on the coast, up to 3500 mm in the Alps, 800 mm in the southeast, and 1400 mm in central Slovenia.
The ethnic groups in the country include the Slovenes (89%), Croats, Serbs, Bosnians, other nationalities remaining for the former Yugoslavia (10%) and the Hungarian and Italian minorities.
With 99 people per square kilometer. km ² (in 20 273 km ²), Slovenia is a relatively sparsely populated country compared to Israel (20 770 km ², 298 inhabitants per. km ²) and El Salvador (21 040 km ², 313 inhabitants per. km ²). About half of the population lives in urban areas, the other in rural areas.
Slovenian is the official language at the national level. In some municipalities, the borders of Italy and Hungary are also Italian and Hungarian official language. The first foreign language is German.