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Cuba
Cuba is the most synonymous with rooms, revolution and big cigars. But Cuba is also historic colonial cities, great museums and tropical beaches. Here you will experience the pulsating rhythms of salsa, green meadows feet tall sugarcane and murals that celebrates revolution hero Che Guevara. And that travelers in Cuba one is not cheated out of either room or cigars.

Cuba is the Caribbean's largest country. The elongated island of 1200 km in length located between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. From Cuba's northernmost point is approx. 150 km to Florida, and from the west end is about as far to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The northern Cuba is flat, while the terrain in the south and is more varied with a few mountain ranges of green rolling hills. The country's highest point is Pico Turquino at 2005 meters. Although the main island's two coasts at its widest is only 191 km apart, they are very different. While the north coast mainly consists of sandy beaches fringed by coral reefs, almost the entire southern coast swamp. The majority and the largest of Cuba over 4000 small islands and reefs, located along the northern coast. Cuba's climate is tropical, with a rainy season from May to October. The warmest month (July) is 28 ° on average, while January is 22 °. The northeastern coast and affected by the hurricanes.

Of Cuba's 11 million inhabitants, most mulattoes and descendants of Spanish colonizers and African slaves. The first Spaniard in Cuba was Christopher Columbus, who landed here on his first trip to America in 1492. Then shot it recorded in the Spanish colonization, and the original indigenous population was quickly eradicated. In return, given the population a boost when African slaves were introduced as labor for the newly created coffee and sugar plantations. Spaniards' rule in the country was flagrantly and oppressive and developed several rebel centuries. But the Cubans still needed help from the Americans to throw out the Spaniards, which occurred in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. Cuba became an independent republic after a four-year transition period of U.S. administration. Until 1959, when Fidel Castro took power and began his Communist Revolution, the U.S. influence rather ubiquitous. But with Castro's victory over the previous dictator Fulgencio Bastista, took over the Soviet Union, former U.S. status Cubas best friend. USA still has not completely given up their interests in the country, and is such as to present the controversial Guantanamo base in southeastern Cuba. The base was established already in 1903 when Cuba's independence was still brand new, making the base to the nation's oldest overseas naval base. Many Cubans are like the Americans are not so fond of Castro and his government form. Since the revolution, over a million inhabitants fled, mostly to Florida and Mexico. The social conditions have been substantially better under Fidel Castro's rule. Before the revolution was over half of the population illiterate. It started a major campaign against illiteracy, and Cuba has the best education system in Latin America, with free education from beginning to end.

When traveling to Cuba, one must attempt to immerse themselves in the local pace and at all take some light on things, because here things take time. In addition to this natural stress reducing factor, Cuba has a lot to offer: a thriving cultural life with a vibrant music scene, colorful poster art and an annual carnival festivities. Beyond that Cuba has beautiful scenery, great colonial cities and alluring beaches. In the architectural gem Trinidad can enjoy the incredibly well-preserved colonial buildings, throwing himself on the exotic palm beaches or take a dip in the Caribbean Sea. The capital Havana, with its two million inhabitants Caribbean's largest city and may exhibit a contrast filled streetscape dominated by American cars from the 50's, rusty Russian Lada, horse carriages and Chinese bikes. Havana's old town, founded in the 1500s, are declared by UNESCO as part of the preservable. Mon understand why when we move through the narrow, cobbled streets, past the heavy doors of solid wood and the balconies of wrought iron. At the Plaza de Armas, the city's old parade ground, says trees. Where was the city's first council was elected, and the inhabitants of Havana attribute trees almost magical powers. The square is also surrounded by beautiful historic buildings Castillo de la Real Fuerza, Havana's oldest fort, and El Palacio de los Capitanes Generales - an impressive palace in the Baroque style, which was completed in 1791, ready to accommodate the Spanish colony's governor. An absolute must on many trips to Cuba is one of the factories that produce the famous cigars. Here you can see how cigars rolled in your hand and hear the story of how Indians in Cuba taught Europeans to smoke. Unusual subsequently dispersed throughout the world.

If you need some scenery for the smoky factory visit, the Viñales valley is an obvious choice. The lush and mountainous valley is one of the most scenic spots in Cuba. The clips are Cuba's oldest, and through several centuries, the weather worked diligently with the cliffs and through the ages formed hundreds of holes with underground rivers and limestone in weird shapes. Some of the caves were originally inhabited by Indians. In valleys cultivated coffee and the world's best tobacco, called Vueltabajo, between the picturesque butte limestone mesas that characterize the area. When vacationing in Cuba, one must be prepared for the bureaucracy and payroll system can do even the simplest tasks difficult. A portion tolerance and good humor is important to pack in your suitcase, but then you are also sure to get a unique experience in one of North America's most interesting countries.
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