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Oceania
Oceania is the smallest of the seven continents and comprises besides Australia mainly by groups of larger and smaller islands in the southwest Pacific. The term "Oceania" was first used by the French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville. Oceania borders are defined in several different ways, but usually parts of Australasia such as Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea, also considered as a part of the continent as well as the smaller islands and archipelagos.

Australia and New Zealand with nearby islands, and to some extent also New Guinea, the climatic conditions which to some extent is influenced by kontinentalitet and of the great mountain range affect rainfall distribution to a large extent. Rest of Oceania has a maritime tropical conditions of high air humidity, precipitation and much stable temperatures throughout the year.

The sea temperature is a dominant factor and is generally above 27 ° C, sometimes over 28 ° C during most of the year. He generally increases from east to west and when the highest value of the far west. Trade winds are the prevailing wind system both north and south of the equator and drive the southern and the northern equatorial current, which brings warm water to Australia and New Guinea and to a corresponding area in the north of the equator.

Precipitation comes mostly as rain towns that occurs over the warm sea and host strengthened by raising the higher terrain. The larger and mountainous islands receive most rainfall. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year, but is usually greatest during the summer on the person concerned Hemisphere.

The monotonous weather conditions is sometimes brotne of tropical cyclones (cyclones, hurricanes or typhoons) that follows the paths from east to west. The cyclone affected area lies 5-10 degrees or more from the equator. Low pressure usually occurs when it is in the summer or autumn of each hemisphere. Most of the islands have local wind conditions that are influenced by the terrain and the daily temperature variation across countries (solgangsbris). One can often see the islands from a distance in the form of clouds, so-called "atollskyer" which towers over the warm country.

In periods of 5 to 10 year sees a change in the trade and current system during El Nino. Passat is then weakened, and the host partly westerlies in tropesonen, which is related to a higher pressure than normal in the west. The warm havvatnet is then driven to the east and leads to extensive klimaforstyrringar in South America.
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