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Republic of Estonia is a country in northeastern Europe. It is the smallest and the northernmost country of the three republics that make up the Baltic. It borders the Baltic Sea to the north and west, from Latvia to the south and Russia to the east. Estonia consists of a flat peninsula, and the Baltic Sea are the two major islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa. The border with Russia is dominated by Lake Peipus

Estonia lies on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Finland in the north, Russia to the east and south Latvia. The land is flat and the average height is no higher than 50 meters and the highest point in the country, Suur Munamägi, located in the southeast at 318 meters.

Estonia has a temperate climate similar to the climate in Scandinavia. Baltic Sea contributes greatly to this, leading to cool and humid weather all year round and winter temperatures are relatively high compared to other areas at the same latitude. The northern coastal areas, however, can get high winds sometimes giving pretty miserable conditions, in addition to the cold east wind from Russia. Light snowfall is common throughout the country during the winter, but melt periods that come at regular intervals prevents snow from getting too deep. Summer has rain and rain showers about every second or third day. May and June are the driest months of the year. Tallinn has a normal annual precipitation of 585 mm.

The climate is generally cool, because the country is so far north. Wind from the Baltic Sea makes damp winters, but the driver while the country is spared the considerable colder air masses from the east. Although more than half of Estonia is cultivated or used as pasture, it is still very much left of the natural vegetation. It includes forests, mainly spruce and some pine. In the lowlands there are large myrstrekninger. There is an abundance of wildlife including deer, wolf and lynx.
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