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Galveston is a coastal city located on Galveston Island in the U.S. state of Texas. Community of 208.3 square miles (539 km2), with its population of 47 762 people, is the county seat and the second largest municipality in Galveston County. It is located in Houston The Woodlands Sugar Land metropolitan area. The city served as the main port for the Texas Navy during the Texas Revolution and later served as the capital of the Republic of Texas.

During the 19th century, Galveston became a major U.S. commercial center and one of the largest ports in the United States. Galveston is known for the hurricane that devastated the city in 1900. The natural disaster that followed still counts as the deadliest in American history.

Much of Galveston's modern economy is centered in the tourism, health care, shipping and financial industries. University of Texas Medical Branch campus with an enrollment of more than 2,500 students is a major economic force in the city. Galveston is home to six historic districts as one of the largest and historically significant collections of 19th century buildings with over 60 structures listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

The city is today both a busy port and holiday resort. The city has a 16 km long and just over 5 feet tall dike that was built in 1902 as a result of the disaster two years earlier. This dyke has protected the city from flooding in recent storms until Hurricane Ike. In 1977 the dike entered in the National Register of Historic Places.

Today the city is one of the most important tourist destination, both for its historic buildings and environments, but also as a cruise port, commercial port and shipyard location for cargo. Galveston harbor began its commercial operations in 1825 and today has grown to an area of 3.5 km ², mostly on the north side of Galveston Island and some on Pelican Island. The port can handle all types of cargo. Galveston harbor also serves cruise traffic to the Caribbean.

Galveston is currently ranked as the best cruise port on the Gulf of Mexico and the fourth best in all of North America.
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